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Oct 23, 2019
It seems that someone is profitable to use the so-called topic. "Kazakh famine" 1932-1933 to create an atmosphere of hostility between the official circles of Moscow and Nur Sultan.
Is Kazakhstan interested in worsening relations with Russia? In today's realities, according to the Kremlin administration, a period of disappointment and anxiety has come.
The new bogeyman - “Asharshylyk”
Political scientists say that Kazakhstan has embarked on the path of building its national identity, and that the elites of Kazakhstan intend to build their statehood on this newly built identity.
Meanwhile, in analytical reviews of specialists, it is emphasized that attempts by speculation by individual representatives of the Kazakh establishment on the topic of mass hunger (famine) of 1932-1933. it discredits the joint historical past of Russia and Kazakhstan and goes against the declared official Nur-Sultan policy of strengthening strategic partnership with Moscow.
But, according to historians, the Great Steppe firmly connected Russians and Kazakhs. As Lev Gumilyov wisely noted, Ancient Russia closed its borders with the Great Steppe, the steppes and Slavs learned to live in ethnic symbiosis. Centuries of joint history not only brought together, but literally “fused” our peoples. Together we achieved victories, ups and grandiose achievements, went through trials and tribulations. In our minds live a common pride for great achievements and a common sorrow for the tragedies suffered. For the first time, mankind stepped into space from Kazakhstan. The nuclear shield of the Soviet Union was forged here, which allowed creating strategic parity and preventing the repetition of the horror of the American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
But no one, of course, forgot about the repressions and famines of the 1930s, the forced deportation of peoples and the suppression of dissent. All this is also our common story. And now, political scientists note that the ubiquitous and regular circulation in the Kazakh media of biased materials on the issues of “Asharshylyka” (the Kazakh famine) contributes to incitement of anti-Russian and Russophobic sentiments in the Kazakh society, which in turn leads to further delimitation of the Slavic and Kazakh population of the Republic of Kazakhstan , the growth of interethnic and social tension.
The active involvement of biased European and American researchers in the study of “Asharshylyk” leads to the subsequent blackening and discrediting of the Russian Federation as the successor of the USSR and is aimed at introducing contradictions in relations between the countries of the post-Soviet space and Moscow.
Forward to the future
The mutual desire for joint research on a common historical past, according to many leading historians of Russia and Kazakhstan, is a factor that provides favorable conditions for creating a joint future. On this basis, historians, in contrast to academic "isolation", create mechanisms of "scientific diplomacy", close professional cooperation for the exchange of experience and the implementation of joint research projects, educational and scientific programs.
Nevertheless, one should take into account the fact that the situation in Kazakhstan gives it the importance that it does not have due to its economic development. Kazakhstan - Center of Eurasia, the junction of Central Asia, China and Russia. This puts Kazakhstan in a very difficult position.
The speed with which Kazakhstan is ready to move away from Russia is seriously restrained by its dependence on maintaining economic ties. If Russia leaves completely, the United States will take its place. It is a mistake to think that Kazakhstan is striving for this. US dominance in Kazakhstan will lead to a serious aggravation of relations with Russia and China, but Kazakhstan does not need this at all.
And at the same time, the pro-American and pro-European opposition in Kazakhstan supports the use in the educational programs of the republic of a distorted interpretation of both the events of 1932-1933 and other moments from the joint historical past of Russia and Kazakhstan, which helps to break the cultural and humanitarian ties between the two countries , and also discredits the idea of forming a single educational space of the EAEU.
The relevant course of the Nur-Sultan authorities is actively supported, including financially, by such foreign NGOs as the G.F. Guggenheim Foundation, the E.W. Mallon Foundation, the American Council of Scientific Communities, etc.
In the modern world, a concentration of various kinds of threats and challenges to the security of states is growing. Instead of dialogue and negotiations in international relations, the illegal use of military force is increasingly practiced. Therefore, Russia and Kazakhstan, together with other CSTO and SCO member states, have joined forces in order to effectively counter these threats, ensure high collective defense capabilities, and prevent and promptly stop attempts to spread conflict and chaos on its territory.
The collapse of the Soviet Union at one time required building new interstate relations between Russia and Kazakhstan, based on mutual respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, the principle of non-interference in internal affairs, and respect for each other's legitimate interests. It was not easy for Moscow and Astana to implement this agenda, but joint efforts were successful. It was possible to maintain the main thing - the friendship and brotherhood of our peoples, and now - of independent states.